Eye of Horus by Vanessa Armstrong

I was recently gifted a small blue tile with the Eye of Horus on it. I always used to find the Egyptian pantheon confusing but fascinating! However, some recent study on Osiris had me very interested and I wanted to learn more, so I thought I’d blog about a couple of things all to do with this wonderful pantheon and share them on here…

The Eye of Horus, who was also known as Wadjet, Wedjat or Udjat is an ancient Egyptian symbol of protection, royal power and good health.

Horus, himself, is an ancient Egyptian deity. He was known as the God of the Sky. His name translates to ‘The one far above’, and this all-seeing God had the head of a hawk or falcon with the body of a man. The sun was his right eye – also known as Ra and the moon was his left eye – also known as Thoth. His job was as protector of the ruler of Egypt.

Horus was the son of Isis and Osiris. Osiris, as we know, was murdered by his brother Seth for the throne of Egypt. It is said in this fraught battle, Horus lost an eye. The eye was restored to him and became a symbol of protection for the Egyptians. Horus then became the ruler of the living while Osiris became a God of the Underworld. There are also texts that say that they are the same God that transmutes from life to death.

Horus is mentioned in ancient writings as being one of many manifestations of the Sun. The Sun, itself, was considered a pre-eminent God and featured in many depictions and ancient texts: -

Re – means “sun” and was depicted as a man, also with the head of a falcon, like Horus. He was the physical manifestation of the Sun God but was also called ‘The Eye of Re”, but this form was often depicted as a Goddess rather than a God.

Khepri – was the sun at dawn and depicted as a scarab beetle.

Atum – was the sun at sunset, the end of the day.

Horus was known as the sun as ruler of creation. He also had the title of “eye of” similar to Re.

It all seems very bewildering and confusing, but it is thought that the Egyptians felt that each element of nature had many aspects to it and concentrated on each one as different deities that all came together as one.